Sensitivity of tooth
Tooth sensitivity is a common oral health concern that occurs when the nerves inside the tooth are exposed, causing pain or discomfort when the tooth comes into contact with certain stimuli, such as hot, cold, sweet, or acidic foods and drinks, or even just with air.
The main causes of tooth sensitivity include:
- Tooth decay: When a cavity forms, the bacteria can reach the nerve of the tooth, causing sensitivity.
- Gum disease: When the gums recede, the roots of the teeth can become exposed, leading to sensitivity.
- Worn tooth enamel: The protective layer of enamel that covers the teeth can become worn down over time, exposing the nerves of the teeth.
- Cracked or chipped teeth: If a tooth is cracked or chipped, the nerve inside can become exposed, causing sensitivity.
- Teeth whitening products: Some teeth whitening products can cause temporary tooth sensitivity.
- Bruxism (teeth grinding): This habit can wear down the tooth enamel and lead to sensitivity.
The treatment for tooth sensitivity depends on the underlying cause. Some common treatment options includes:
- Desensitizing toothpaste: special toothpaste that contain fluoride and potassium nitrate, which can help to block the sensation of pain.
- Fluoride gel: A fluoride gel can be applied to the sensitive teeth to strengthen the tooth enamel and reduce sensitivity.
- Dental filling or crown: If the sensitivity is caused by tooth decay or a cracked tooth, a filling or crown may be needed to cover the exposed nerve and protect it from further damage.
- Scaling :help maintain gum recessions and remove food debris from pockets & protects from sensitivity .