Mobile teeth refer to teeth that are loose or wiggly in the socket. This can be caused by a variety of factors, such as:
- Gum disease: Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is the most common cause of mobile teeth. This infection destroys the supporting structures of the teeth, causing them to become loose.
- Trauma: A blow to the face or jaw can cause damage to the supporting structures of the teeth, making them mobile.
- Tooth decay: Large cavities or untreated tooth decay can weaken the tooth and make it more prone to mobility.
- Bruxism (teeth grinding) : This habit can put excessive pressure on the teeth, causing them to become loose over time.
- Orthodontic treatment: Teeth may become temporarily loose during orthodontic treatment as the teeth are being moved into their new positions.
- Advanced age: As we age, the supporting structures of the teeth can weaken, making them more prone to mobility.
Mobile teeth can be painful and can increase the risk of tooth loss. The treatment for mobile teeth will depend on the underlying cause. Common treatment options include:
- Scaling and root planing: This procedure involves removing plaque and tartar from the teeth and smoothing the roots of the teeth to help the gums reattach.
- Gum grafts: In some cases, a gum graft may be necessary to cover the exposed root and protect it from further damage.
- Orthodontic treatment: In some cases, orthodontic treatment may be used to reposition the teeth and reduce pressure on the gums.
- Surgery: In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to correct the problem and protect the tooth.
- Medications: Antibiotics may be prescribed to treat an infection, and anti-inflammatory medications may be prescribed to reduce pain and swelling.
It’s important to see or visit a dentist immediately if you have a mobile teeth in order to prevent the condition from worsening and to protect your teeth and gums.